Family benefits

Family benefits are benefits paid for ensuring the welfare of families with children. The Estonian family benefit system is based on the principle of universality, meaning that each child has the right for state support regardless of the income of the child’s parents. 

Family allowances

Childbirth allowance

Childbirth allowance is paid to the parent, adoptive parent, guardian, or curator of the child. Childbirth allowance is a single allowance of €320 per each child born. In case of the birth of triplets or more than three children at a single confinement, the childbirth allowance is €1000 per each child born.

Adoption allowance

Adoption allowance is paid to the adoptive parent of a child who is not an ascendant the child and who is not the spouse of the child's parent. Adoption allowance is paid in the sum of €320 per adopted child. The allowance is not paid if the same family has previously received a childbirth allowance for the same child.

Child allowance

Child allowance is paid monthly to all children from their birth until the age of 16. If the child continues their studies, the allowance shall be paid until the age of 19. The monthly amount of child allowance is €50 for the first and second child, and €100 for all children starting from the third.

Child care allowance

Child care allowance is paid monthly to the parent raising the child or the person taking a parental leave in place of the parent. Child care allowance is not paid if one of the parents receives a parental benefit under the Family Benefits Act or if the parent receives a maternity benefit under the Health Insurance Act, or an adoption benefit. The amount of child care allowance is:

  • €38.35 for each child under 3 years of age;
  • €19.18 for each child of 3–8 years of age in a family with a child under 3 years of age;
  • €19.18 for each child of 3–8 years of age in a family with at least three children.

Single parent’s child allowance

Single parent’s child allowance is paid to children whose birth registration or family data in the population registry does not contain data on the father or whose parent has been declared to be a fugitive. The allowance is paid until the child reaches the age of 16; if the child continues their studies, until the age of 19. The amount of single parent’s allowance is €19.18 per month.

Allowance for children under guardianship or foster care

Allowance for children under guardianship or foster care is a monthly allowance to children without paternal care. The allowance is paid to children who have been placed under guardianship by a court ruling or who are the subject of a foster care contract pursuant to the procedure prescribed by the Social Welfare Act. Children whose parents neglect to fulfil the obligation to raise and care for the child stipulated in the Family Law Act are eligible for the allowance. The allowance is paid until the end of the academic year within the meaning of the Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act during which the child reaches the age of 19. The amount of the allowance is €240 per month.

Allowance for the parent of a family of seven or more children

This allowance is paid to a parent, curator, or guardian who is raising seven or more children, all of whom are eligible for child allowance. The amount of the allowance is €168.74 per month.

Allowance for a family with many children

Starting from 1 July 2017, an allowance will be paid to families with many children. The allowance is paid to families raising three or more children. The amount of the allowance is:

  • €300 per month for a family raising three to six children;
  • €400 per month for a family raising seven or more children.

Disabled child allowance

Disabled child allowance is paid monthly for the compensation of the additional expenses related to the disability of a disabled child under 16 years of age, and the activities foreseen in their rehabilitation plan. More information about disabled child allowance can be found on the website of the National Social Insurance Board.

Start in independent life allowance

Start in independent life allowance is paid to a person who has spent their childhood in a foster home or who has been placed under guardianship or who is the subject of a written foster care contract when they start an independent life at a new place of residence within two years after the termination of the foster home service, guardianship, or foster care contract. Starting from 1 January 2017, the amount of start in independent life allowance is €383.60.

Subsistence benefit

Subsistence benefit is paid to persons living alone or families whose monthly income is below the statutory subsistence level after the deduction of residence expenses following the stipulations of the Social Welfare Act.
 

Needs-based family benefit

 

Needs-based family benefits are provided to families:

  • Whose members include at least one child receiving child allowance under the State Family Benefits Act; provided that
  •  average net monthly income for the three calendar months preceding the month when the application was filed is below the income limit for needs-based family benefits; or
  • the family was assigned a subsistence benefit for the month preceding the application for needs-based family benefits.

The income limit for the first member of the family for needs-based family benefits is established by the Riigikogu for each budget year with the state budget. The income limit is based on the latest relative poverty level data published by Statistics Estonia by 1 March of the year preceding the budget year. 

 


According to the 2017 State Budget Act, the income limit for the first member of the family for needs-based family benefits is 394 euros per month. The income limit for each following at least 14-year old member of the family is 197 euros per month and for each family member under 14 years of age, 118.2 euros per month. 

The amount of needs-based family benefits is 45 euros per month for a family with one child receiving child allowance and 90 euros per month for a family with two or more children allowance. The benefit is only paid for children on whose behalf a member of the family receives child allowance under the State Family Benefits Act.

Needs-based family benefits are assigned and paid by the local government from state budget funds.

 

 

Parental benefit

 

Parental benefit is paid to the parent, adoptive parent, foster parent, guardian, or curator raising a child, provided that they are a permanent resident of Estonia or a foreign national living in Estonia under a temporary residence permit.

Only one parent can take a parental leave at a time. The benefit is paid to the parent on parental leave. The father of the child becomes eligible for parental benefit when the child is at least 70 days of age.

The benefit is paid for 435 days following the final date of the certificate for maternity leave or adoption leave. The parental benefit ensures the parent the average wage of the previous calendar year.

Maintenance allowance

 

Maintenance allowance is paid to children whose parents neglect their maintenance obligation. Maintenance allowance is divided into maintenance allowance for the duration of judicial and execution proceedings.

Maintenance allowance for the duration of judicial proceedings is paid to the parent or legal representative of the child who has turned to a court to require the payment of maintenance support. Maintenance allowance for the duration of judicial proceedings is paid for up to 150 days in an amount of up to 100 euros per month per child.

Maintenance allowance for the duration of execution proceedings is paid on the basis of a court ruling requiring the payment of maintenance support. The maintenance allowance paid to an under-age child is transferred to the bank account of the parent or legal representative of the child. This type of maintenance allowance is paid for the duration of execution proceedings. The amount of maintenance allowance per child is up to 100 euros per month. 

Last updated: 7 November 2017