At the 20 July informal meeting in Tallinn, EU health ministers discussed the future of digital solutions in health. The ministers identified areas for closer collaboration among member states and possible actions at the EU level to overcome the main challenges of data-driven digital innovation in health.
Possible areas of further cooperation include: better alignment of regulatory and data governance approaches when implementing the new EU data protection regulation, extending the cross-border health data exchange and building common data platforms to facilitate the reuse of data for research and innovation. In order to join forces, ministers welcomed the Estonian Presidency's proposal for interested member states to work together on tangible multi-country actions.
The Estonian Minister for Health and Labour, Jevgeni Ossinovski, who chaired the meeting, said that member states are facing common challenges in ensuring the sustainability of their health systems and digital technologies must support the overall health policy goals. “In e-health, European countries have been collaborating now for many years and important progress has been made in the implementation of electronic health record systems and e-prescriptions,” said Minister Ossinovski. “Yet, we can do much more together to facilitate the use of digital technologies for the benefit of our people.”
Better prevention and treatment of diseases
A digital Europe and the free movement of data is one of the overall priorities of the Estonian Presidency. With the spread of digital technologies, large amounts of data are produced in the health sector, which could be used for advanced data analytics to support the prevention and treatment of diseases and to contribute to research and innovation.
“Europe has embraced the technological transformation by boldly seizing the opportunities it has offered, but rapid change and new technologies also create vulnerabilities and concerns,” Minister Ossinovski said. “Our task is to balance the risks and benefits, and to find ways to ensure that the data is used securely and in a transparent way. This also means empowering patients by giving them the right to easily access their own personal health data, to decide how this data is used, and provide them with the means to do it in a secure and convenient manner all over the EU.”
To support the implementation of digital solutions, EU funding mechanisms were found to play an important role in leveraging member state investments in ICT solutions and e-health.
Empowering patients, keeping health care systems sustainable
The European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety Vytenis Andriukaitis outlined the Commission's latest initiative in this area – the communication on digital health: ''We are launching a public consultation on the communication on digital health that anyone who uses, or is interested in, digital health tools can take part in. The communication will focus on three pillars in order to empower our citizens and keep our healthcare systems sustainable and cost-effective,” Andriukaitis said. “The first pillar would focus on secure access to electronic health records and the possibility of sharing this information across borders, the second pillar would focus on supporting data infrastructures, while the third pillar would focus on citizens' empowerment and fostering person-centred care. This is yet another example of collaboration between the Commission and member states who continue to work towards a digital transformation of the health and care systems in the EU.''
Confidence in the timeliness of the action is further supported by the broad interest of stakeholder organisations through the Digital Health Society. More than 100 European organisations are working in cooperation with public authorities towards cross-border action commitments in the Digital Health Society to speed up the digitalisation of health systems across Europe.
At the meeting, presentations were given by Dr Clemens Auer about the member states’ collaboration within the e-health Network, Dr Erik Gerritsen about the Netherlands’ experience with using e-health as a tool for empowering patients and Dr Miklós Szócska about a Hungarian initiative to use big data for healthcare planning.
The discussions on the future of e-health will continue in Tallinn on 16-18 October at the high-level e-health conference 'Health in the Digital Society. Digital Society for Health’. Based on the discussions, the Estonian Presidency plans to propose Council conclusions to be adopted at the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO) meeting in December in Brussels.