People with disabilities

The state pays social benefits to people with disabilities if they incur additional costs due to their disability, e.g. if they require special equipment, care or rehabilitation or if they incur costs related to transport, employment or studying. People can apply for social benefits from their local pension office.

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Social welfare is designed to provide people with disabilities - or their families - with assistance in preventing, overcoming or alleviating any difficulties they may experience or may be experiencing with coping and to contribute to the security, development and acclimatisation of the person with the disability in society.

The extent of disabilities is divided into three categories: moderate, severe and profound.

The degree of severity of disability of children of up to 16 years of age and persons of the retirement age is established proceeding from the need for personal assistance, guidance or supervision:

  • profound disability is the loss of or an abnormality in an anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which the person needs constant personal assistance, guidance or supervision twenty-four hours a day;
  • severe disability is the loss of or an abnormality in an anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which the person needs personal assistance, guidance or supervision in every twenty-four hour period;

  • moderate disability is the loss of or an abnormality in an anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which the person needs regular personal assistance or guidance outside his or her residence at least once a week

The degree of severity of disability and the necessity for additional expenses caused by the disability of a person of 16 years of age until attaining the retirement age (person of working age) is established proceeding from restrictions on participation in daily activity and social life. There are the following degrees of severity of disabilities:

  • a person whose daily activity or participation in social life is wholly restricted has a profound disability;
  • a person whose daily activity or participation in social life is restricted has a severe disability;
  • a person who has difficulties in his or her daily activity or participation in social life has a moderate disability.
 
 
 
 

Special Care and Welfare Development Plan for 2014–2020

 

The Special Care and Welfare Development Plan was developed to create a strategic framework for the sector concerned, establish goals and devise activities for more efficient provision of special care and welfare services that would support the needs of persons with special mental needs. The Development Plan will be later integrated with „Social Security, Inclusion and Equal Opportunities/Mainstreaming Development Plan for 2016–2023“, which is supposed to ensure for better organisation of objectives, activities and measures, established in various development plans in general, therefore ensuring a common approach to social security sector.

 

 

 

Last updated: 19 August 2015