Before an individual starts to look for a employment, she or he should first think of the job that s/he wants to do; this involves assessment of abilities, previous work experiences and education, an overview of work-related functions and tasks that one does and doesn’t like. For example, one could consider whether s/he is a team member or more interested in individual activities, capable of doing routine work or prefers diversified tasks. The individual should also consider the possible location of a new job (close to home – or this is of no importance; whether s/he is willing to undertake bigger changes to get a employment (including changing his/her place of living) or whether s/he might prefer becoming a home-based worker.
Disabled persons could consider different employment alternatives. For example, if their experience has shown that full-time employment is not for them, this is not a reason to feel despair but consider a part-time employment, flexible schedule, becoming a home-based worker, etc.
Once you are in clear about the employment you want to do, you should first ask your friends, next of kin and acquaintances whether they know about any vacancies. Human resource specialists often claim that personal relations and contacts help to find 80% of jobs.
You can also contact recruitment and human resources outsourcing companies for a possible employment. Many companies have made this very easy and you can easily seek a employment on Internet.
You should definitely look newspapers for employment ads (both local and national daily and weekly newspapers).
You can also contact local office of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund for vacant jobs.
The Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund can offer a variety of services that support and simplify the search for a suitable employment. First you have to register as a job-seeker or unemployed. Diversity of services offered is the main difference between these two options. Both unemployed and job-seekers will be provided information about labour market situation and offered various jobs and vacancies.
- career counselling, which will help to determine the abilities of an individual for the performance of a certain job;
- labour market training to acquire or update both basic and speciality related knowledge (training may last for up to a year);
- practical training, which is made available if a person has obtained theoretical knowledge yet lacks practical work experience or requires practical training as technologies have been updated (depending on complicacy of job-related functions, practical training may last for up to 4 months);
- practice to employment, which is, above all, suitable for persons who have been away from labour market for a long time or have never been employed;
Apart the services, listed above, there are many more in the range, offered by the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund to unemployed. For example, disabled persons can use services that will help them to overcome disability-related obstacles that prevent them from finding employment. Support person can be of assistance in learning job-related tasks and becoming a part of working environment. Where appropriate, consultants or some other specialists of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund (for example, sign language specialist) can assist during a job interview (someone from the circle of friends of the unemployed can also offer assistance. The Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund can also offer technical aids, required for employment, or refund some of the expenditures, made by employer to give disabled persons access to working premises and tools/equipment.
More information about the services, available from the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund, can be found from the fund’s website or by calling 15501.