Social protection measures can be grouped into welfare services and social security.
Welfare is a system of procedures aimed at securing various freedoms of the people and at creating better opportunities for economic development through human resource development. At the same time, it increases social inclusion, when preventing and reducing poverty and social exclusion more widely and more effectively. Welfare-related instruments (operations) can be both welfare allowances, and welfare services.
Welfare services are provided by both the state and local governments, either as social services or financial support.